Process water treatment


In most cases demineralised water is produced by using a reverse osmosis installation or an ion exchanger.

Water softener, PCA Water

Hardness in water is caused by certain salts. The major hardening ions are calcium (Ca²+), magnesium (Mg²+) and bicarbonate (HCO3-).

Filtration systems, PCA Water

Filters are used to separate floating substances from water. There is a large diversity of filters. Therefore, it is necessary to adequately define the situation in advance before choosing a filter type.

Surface water treatment, PCA Water

Due to limitations on pumping water, in certain cases it is more interesting to purify surface water into process water.

Rainwater treatment

In many cases rainwater is a good alternative for tap or spring water. This rainwater must usually be treated before it can be used in production processes.

Disinfection, UV-treatment

There are different ways to disinfect water. The best known are UV-, ozone- and dosing treatments.

Flux de-ironing

In the carbon steel galvanisation process it is important for the flux bath to contain a constant low iron (Fe) concentration. To achieve this a flux de-ironing installation is the most appropriate technique.

Iron removal, PCA water

Iron and manganese in water often causes problems in the production process. A custom-made iron removal installation then offers the solution.


Zero discharge of waste water at Corradi, PCA

PCA designed a tailor-made water purification system for Corradi that combines a...

iron removal installation at Barry Callebaut, PCA water

Iron-rich groundwater caused problems during the production process at Barry Callebaut...

process water treatment Citrique

Citrique switches from groundwater to surface water with...